GAO WEN | black

This tea is certified organic.

GAO WEN is our flagship black tea from central Yunnan province, China. A dianhong ("Yunnan red") production from da ye ("big leaf") cultivar bushes, this lot is distinguished by a unique processing step atypical of most dianhong production: several rounds of high-heat machine roasting to finish. Through on-site collaboration with the tea makers of Ma Wei Shan, we developed this process to smooth out the bright fruit notes of dianhong in favor of the malty and complex floral qualities older tree Yunnan black tea is lauded for. The result is an idealized breakfast tea we'll bring back year after year (Yunnan weather pending!).

Our annual dinahong is produced each spring from high-mountain rows of young tea trees. Ma Wei Shan, situated just outside Simao, is foremost a pu'er producer—like with their sheng productions, their dianhong is produced with 3-5 leaves down the shoot (think "young" huangpian material made into black tea) that are hand-plucked, sorted, withered in the sun, snail-rolled and bruised to high oxidation, and baked to dry. Earlier in the spring, the same plot's buds and first 1-2 leaves are used to produce our annual yue guang bai

On the mountain, our producers steep a healthy pinch for a few seconds at a time, coaxing out roses, cherries, and deep sweetness. Push this tea for 2-3 minutes with water just off the boil for a classic black tea profile of malt and roast. Excellent candidate for jianshui zitao (purple clay) teapot seasoning.

Scroll to the bottom for tea producer Yuanzhen's thoughts on organic cultivation (and Ma Wei Shan's poultry economy!).


notes —
 milk chocolate | tobacco | bold

nomenclature — gao (高)—"high" | wen (温)—"heat"

style — dianhong ("Yunnan red")

cultivar — da ye ("big leaf")

region — Simao (Pu'er), Yunnan, China

locale — Ma Wei Shan farm ("horse tail mountain")

elevation — 1200 meters

producer — Yuanzhen Li

vintage — summer '19


STEEPING PARAMETERS

(use freshly boiled spring water)

modern
[300 ml+ vessel — BOLI, large teapot]

5 grams — 205°F (96°C) — 2 minutes

traditional
[150 ml- vessel — gaiwan, small teapot]

7 grams — 210°F (99°C) — 10 seconds
+10 seconds each additional steep
[FORMERLY 100 YEAR / HUNDRED YEAR]